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How to create a modal window in UI Designer

A nice aspect of Bonita UI Designer is that it allows users to apply or customize styles to the page as per their requirements through CSS.

Throughout this tutorial you will see how to build a modal window using only CSS. Let’s get started by creating some content. You will need a container which will end up being our modal and some other content on top of which that modal will be displayed.

Initial content

Display a container on top of all other elements

Create a CSS file with the following content.

 .Modal-content {
     position: absolute;
     width: 80%;
     left: 0;
     right: 0;
     margin: 5% auto;
     background-color: #fff;
     border-radius: 2px;
     box-shadow: 0 2px 5px 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.16), 0 2px 10px 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.12);
     padding: 2em;
 }

Note that the name of the class used follows BEM methodology.
BEM or any other structural naming convention enforces good practices such as responsibility segregation, reusability, name collision avoidance and more.

To use that file in the UI Designer you need to upload it as a page asset.
To do so, open your page. Go to the Assets section at the bottom of the screen and click on Add a new asset.
Select CSS type, Local source then upload your CSS file.
It will be added to the page and all classes will be available and accessible from the property CSS classes of any element.

Now lets add Modal-content to the container property CSS classes.
Check out the result by hitting the Preview button.

Modal content container

While working on your CSS file, one could serve its local CSS file using a local server.
Then instead of uploading the file add an external CSS asset which point at your file. That would greatly speed up development.
For production, that file would still need to be uploaded as a CSS asset.

Add an overlay to make underneath elements inaccessible

Add a new container and move the Modal-content container into the overlay container in order to to have it on top.
Add the following code to CSS file.

.Modal-overlay {
    position: fixed;
    width: 100%;
    height: 100%;
    top: 0;
    left: 0;
    background-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, .4);
    z-index: 1;
}

You now need to add the Modal-overlay class to our overlay container.

Modal overlay container

Take control over the modal

There is many other approach to deal with how and when to display a that modal with the UI designer.
Here is one which could scale nicely with multiple modals.

The creation

Now that you got a modal you need to take control over when to display it.
You will start by creating a JSON variable with an array called modals.
So go to the Variables section at the bottom of the screen and click on Create a new variable.
Give it the name modals and JSON type. It will take for value an empty array [].

Modals variable

Now bind the modals variable to the Collection property of the Modal-overlay container.
That would have for effect to mask the modal whenever the array is empty.
Also anything which add an object to the array modals will display a new modal.

For the purpose of this tutorial you will do that with a button.
Lets add a button and configure the Action property with Add to collection
then bind the modals variable to the Collection property.

Open modal button

You can test the result using the preview.

Ok now close that modal

A direct follow up to the modal creation is to close it.
The previous method allowed us to use another action from the button widget.
First add a button in the modal and configure the Action property with Remove from collection.
Then bind the modals variable to the Collection property.
You need to define which object will be removed and you can do that by selecting Item for the Remove property and adding the $item variable to Item to remove.
Here $item is available because it is in a repeated container context.

Close modal button

Here is the result of that tutorial

Modal result